ENGL Composition II (ENGL 1302)

Instructor: Laura Arzola

ENGL 1302 Composition II Prerequisite: Composition 1301 or satisfactory score on the CLEP Exam; Credit: 3 (3 lecture) A more extensive study of the skills introduced in ENGL 1301 with an emphasis on critical thinking, research and documentation techniques, and literary and rhetorical analysis. Core Curriculum Course.

English 1302 Calendar ~ Spring 2015 ~ 16 Weeks ~ Arzola ~ CRN # 44645, 44651, 44752 – DE & 44435 In Class


Instructor's name:  Prof. L. Arzola  Email: laura.arzola@hccs.edu Text your instructor at 713-252-4042. Office hours: M/W 11-1130 Rm.1027, Eastside Campus. Tuesday evenings online or by appt (Email is the best way to reach me.)  US Mail: Prof. L. Arzola/ English Dept./ Eastside Campus/ 6815 Rustic/Houston TX 77087

Purchase your book immediately.  Delay can seriously hamper your progress in this course.

Textbooks: Any ONE of the three following books will work for this class:

1. Barnet, Sylvan and Hugo Bedau. Current Issues and Enduring Questions ($76.95) 10th ed.  2014 ISBN-10: 1-4576-2260-2
ISBN-13: 978-1-4576-2260-1
// Paper Text, 992 pages. This one is most likely to be in the bookstore.

2. Barnet, Sylvan and Hugo Bedau. Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing   ($50.95) 8th ed. 2014 ISBN-10: 1-4576-4997-7
// ISBN-13: 978-1-4576-4997-4
// Paper Text, 592 pages

3. Barnet, Sylvan and Hugo Bedau. CourseSmart e-Book for Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing : ($25.99)  8th ed. ISBN-10 1457651998, ISBN-13 9781457651991 Digital Book Rental. (Go to http://www.coursesmart.com/IR/3027714/9781457649974?__hdv=6.8)

4. OR a recent edition of Current Issues or of Critical Thinking is acceptable.

You also need a recent handbook to support your work in writing. Wadsworth (my favorite), Little Brown, MacMillan, Penguin will all work.

You may order your books online at: www.hccs.bkstore.com.Textbooks for all distance education courses are housed at the Central bookstore.  We do offer, free of charge, transfer requests for students who wish to pick up their distance education textbooks at one of our 7 other locations that may be closer to them.   Phone either Central, or the requested campus, and request that their books be transferred. Get your books as early as possible. Having a book in front of you makes all the difference.  If you have to wait for your book, see if you can locate a copy at either an HCC or the public library. Also used book stores may have copies. The library may have ebook versions that can be used temporarily. There may be pdf versions somewhere online.

Grade Percentages: (The total will equal 100%)

15%     Critical Analysis of the Essay (includes Pre-writing & evidence of Tutor review).

10%         Midterm Exam (online)

30% Research Paper (RP) (Submit Outline + Text + Works Cited via email before the conference. èConference with Instructor to review your rough draft REQUIRED / No Conference = No Gradeç) Conferences will be conducted by phone. Conferences will be held weeks 8, 9 & 10.

15%         Critical Analysis of Fiction (includes Pre-writing & evidence of Tutor review).

20% Final Exam: Critical Analysis of Fiction (online)

10% 10 Journals (200 words each)

HCCS Crucial Days for Spring:

Jan. 19:     Last Day for Drop/Add/Swap

Jan. 19:     MLK Holiday

Jan. 20:     Class begins, Tuesday

Feb. 2:       OE Date/ Sign in to class before this date.

Feb. 16:     Presidents’ Day Holiday

Mar. 11:     Midterm Exam In Class

Mar. 16-22:                  Spring Break

Mar. 24, 4:30PM          Last Day for Student Withdrawals

April 3-5                       Spring Holiday

May 10:                       Instruction Ends

May 11:                       Final Exam In Class 9-11AM

Wed. May 13, Last Day to submit revised/late papers – 11:59p

Read and follow these directions. They pertain to every assignment you submit:

All papers are submitted online through Eagle. Students MUST keep copies of all submitted work in case the instructor does not receive it. Store all papers until the end of the following long semester.  Remember that computers break down.  Keep backup copies of your work.// All papers must be submitted as .doc, .docx or .rtf.  My computer will not open documents saved as .wps or odt. Be aware that it is possible to use computers on campus in labs and libraries, and most HCC college libraries have a limited no. of laptops to lend.

Submitting papers online means that page breaks and headers must be created using the computer not by spacing. As you begin the class, take the time to go to Help within your word processor. Check the process for creating these elements in a paper: Headers in the header screen, page breaks, Hanging Indents for the Works Cited in MLA format.

If you do not have MSWord try the following:

1. Drive.Google.com is a cloud server provided by Google. It allows for the creation of .doc documents.

2. Open Office (openoffice.org) is an open source word processing program; it can be used to save documents as .doc; however, sometimes this type of document can be “glitchy” but not often.

3. The computer lab at SE College will help you upload temporary versions of MS Word for this class if you need it. Call 713-718-7263 for more information.

IMPORTANT: All papers must be submitted as YourLastName + the assignment. For example: SmithRPFinal means that Joan Smith is submitting the final copy of her Research Paper. If you wish to include your first name, do it like this: SmithJoan-CARough not JoanSmithCARough, which will not alphabetize properly. Papers not submitted as required will not be accepted or graded.

Do not use YOU or I in formal writing. Papers – other than journals -- using YOU or I or versions thereof will have significantly reduced grades. Write your papers in third person plural nouns. For example, instead of saying, “When you go to the store . . . ,”  say “When consumers go to the store,” or “When people go to the store, they . . .” Instead of saying, “I think that the world is round,” say “The world is round.” We know the second statement is

your opinion because your name is on the assignment.



Tutors: FREE Tutors are available online at askonline.net or at the Eastside campus Mon-Th, Sat mornings and Mon-Thur evenings.  For students nearer other colleges contact your local English department for information on tutors. Askonline tutors are accessed through the Tutoring link at the very top of our class page.  Have tutors help you with grammar issues and format. Be sure to give tutors a copy of handouts with pertinent directions for the essay. For problems with content ask me. All your out of class papers must be submitted with proof of tutor review.

Important Materials: Quality Dictionary & Thesaurus. Recent grammar Handbook with MLA information.  Notice and use the links provided at the top of our class page for the Works Cited, used for all your papers, and the library databases, which you will use for your research.

Every class is significant in ENGL 1302.  On site students always produce better work when they have attended class and asked necessary questions. DE students will be meeting via online chats. These sessions will give you the help you need to pass this class.  Make sure you participate.  Should you need to miss, you are responsible for the missed material. You can access old chats by going into the pertinent chat link.

Attendance: You are expected to come into the online class at least once a week.  If you fail to do so, you run the risk of being withdrawn.  Let me know if there is an emergency, which prevents your going online. I will be happy to work with you if you let me know AHEAD OF TIME. Students who go more than 14 days without logging in or otherwise contacting the professor may be dropped without further warning prior to the drop deadline.

Communication with your instructor is essential in all your courses. Please keep me informed of problems you are having either with the course itself or with keeping up with assignments.  It is possible to give you extra help.  Questions are invited in this course. If you have a question, ask it.

Cell Phones: In relation to on campus classes our Administration asks us to tell you:  "Use of recording devices, including camera phones and tape recorders, is prohibited in classrooms, laboratories, faculty offices, and other locations where instruction, tutoring, or testing occurs.  Students with disabilities who need to use a recording device as a reasonable accommodation should contact the Office for Students with Disabilities for information regarding reasonable accommodations."

Plagiarism: [MEMORIZE THIS INFORMATION] I am seeing an increasing amount of plagiarism.  Be aware that I find plagiarism to be immoral.  Read the following information and be aware that if I find that you have plagiarized, you WILL receive a Zero for the entire assignment. // Be very careful with the work you turn in for this class. Any time you use someone else’s ideas or words you must give him credit.  In order to be able to be honest about your sources you must take notes carefully using quotation marks whenever you use the author’s exact words, writing down source information with each note whether it is quoted or paraphrased. Papers which show plagiarism will receive a grade of zero, and be aware that at times plagiarism can result in an F for the course. In egregious cases the student may be expelled. Familiarize yourself with plagiarism and what it means. Ask questions as necessary. Papers will be passed through www.turnitin.com in order to be sure students are not plagiarizing.// To plagiarize means to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own: use (another's production) without crediting the source //intransitive senses : to commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source (Merriam Webster online dictionary). If you copy and paste from the internet or other source, and don’t give credit to the source in both a parenthetical reference and the Works Cited, you are plagiarizing.  Information must be clearly defined as coming from a specific source.  Make sure it is clear to your reader that you have borrowed information AND where that information is in the text.  There are a variety of ways to identify borrowed information.  Talk to your instructor about how to do this. Plagiarized exams may not be re-taken. In some instances plagiarism in papers may be corrected and the paper resubmitted.

Student Grievances: Students who wish to complain about any aspect of their education should first speak with their instructor. If the situation remains unresolved, then the student has the right to file a student grievance with the dept. chair, Ms. Beverly Hixon, 713-718-7057. Forms can be picked up in the office of the Dean of Instruction, 713-718-7066. These forms are first submitted to the Department Chair who will then consult with the student and other parties involved in an effort to come to a reasonable resolution of the problem.

Read your Student Handbook paying particular attention to the section on Student Policies. Within this section is a segment on Grievance Procedure as well as one on Academic Dishonesty. It is important that you familiarize yourself with both your rights and responsibilities as a student. Student Handbooks are available from the Office of the Registrar.

HCC Course Withdrawal Policy In order to withdraw from your class, you MUST first contact your professor, at least one week PRIOR to the withdrawal deadline to receive a “W” on your transcript.  After the withdrawal deadline has passed, you will receive the grade that you would have earned.  It is your responsibility to withdraw from the class; however, your professor reserves the right to withdraw you without your request due to excessive absences.  If you do not feel comfortable contacting your professor to withdraw, you may contact a counselor.  It is enough to request a withdrawal from one person. Final Withdrawal Deadlines: Mar. 24, 2015  4:30pm

The Distance Education Student Handbook contains policies and procedures unique to the DE student. Students should have reviewed the handbook as part of the mandatory orientation. It is the student's responsibility to be familiar with the handbook's contents.  The handbook contains valuable information, answers, and resources, such as DE contacts, policies and procedures (how to drop, attendance requirements, etc.), student services (ADA, financial aid, degree planning, etc.), course information, testing procedures, technical support, and academic calendars. Refer to the DE Student Handbook by visiting this link:  http://de.hccs.edu/de/de-student-handbook
Class Conduct All students in HCC courses are required to follow all HCC Policies & Procedures, the Student Code of Conduct, the Student Handbook, and relevant sections of the Texas Education Code when interacting and communicating with faculty and fellow students.

* The instructor reserves the right to change various parameters of this syllabus at her discretion.*


To understand and demonstrate writing and speaking processes through invention, organization, drafting, revision, editing, and presentation.

To understand the importance of specifying audience and purpose and to select appropriate communication choices.

To understand and appropriately apply modes of expression (descriptive, expositive, narrative, scientific, and self-expressive) in written, visual, and oral communication.

To participate effectively in groups with emphasis on listening, critical and reflective thinking, and responding.

To understand and apply basic principles of critical thinking, problem solving, and technical proficiency in the development of exposition and argument.

To develop the ability to research and write a documented paper and/or to give an oral presentation.

Mission Statement: The purpose of the English department is to provide courses that transfer to four-year colleges; introduce students to literature from diverse traditions; prepare students to write clear, communicative, well-organized, and detailed prose; and develop students’ reading, writing, and analytical skills.

English 1302 Student Learning Outcomes:

1. Apply basic principles of rhetorical analysis.

2. Write essays that classify, explain, and evaluate rhetorical and literary strategies employed in argument, persuasion, and various forms of literature.

3. Identify, differentiate, integrate, and synthesize research materials into argumentative and/or analytical essays.

4. Employ appropriate documentation style and format across the spectrum of in-class and out-of-class written discourse.

5. Demonstrate library literacy.

LOCATIONS with our class in Eagle:

Assignments will be turned in where it says “Submit.” Look for that word as your cue that the named assignment is to be submitted there.

In addition you will find background information on assignments above and below the area of submission as well as in the syllabus and through online chats.  When things are not clear, send me an email with your question.  If you feel information is incorrect or missing in our class, please tell me in an email. Papers are due on Sunday of the week they are assigned. They may be submitted as late as Wednesday of the following week without penalty.  Submissions after that Wed. may not be accepted.

Calendar: This will tell you when certain assignments, etc., are coming due. But be CAREFUL to check the class page as well as there will be messages from me there regarding due dates.

Syllabus: Here you will have a copy of the syllabus available to you.  Since this is an important document, which tells you what is coming up in the course and gives you details about assignments, it is best to print out a copy and keep it visible as you do your work for this class.  You will get a copy of the Syllabus when you do your Orientation; however, I always make a few changes to the syllabus and post the revision under Syllabus in Eagle.  Make sure you print out a copy of THIS syllabus and use it instead of the earlier one.

Email: This is where you ask questions. We will communicate through my college email address (laura.arzola@hccs.edu), where I have set up a folder for our class. In order to make sure your emails go to this folder, be sure to write the word, apple, in the subject line. If you do not put this word in the subject line, I may not see your email as it will go into my general email, where I receive many messages, and I may overlook it.

Chat: We will be chatting online at various times in the early weeks of the course. Make every effort to participate. If the times do not work for you, let me know, so I can add some different times or adjust the ones already listed.  I realize that you all work and take in person classes as well, so you will not always be able to attend.  Chats will be printed, so you can read them after the fact. I expect you to attend at least two chats this semester.


Spring 2014 Course Calendar

All readings come from Current Issues (CI) and/or Critical Thinking, Reading & Writing (CTRW). The page nos. and the readings are the same in the latest editions of each of these books.

All assignments due by Sunday midnight of that week unless otherwise indicated.


Jan. 20-25

Read and highlight Ch. 3 (73-111) Skim , Ch. 1, 2 & 4, (3-23, 32-48, 137-173)

+ Critical Analysis: (CA #1)  (Due wk. 5) Select an essay from one of these: “On Racist Speech” Charles R. Lawrence III (64), “Protecting Freedom of Expression on the Campus” Derek Bok (69), “The Locavore Myth: Why Buying from Nearby Farmers Won’t Save the Planet” James E. McWilliams (345), “From Utopia” Thomas More (463), or “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions” Elizabeth Cady Stanton (490) for your Critical Analysis essay. Ch. 3 discusses effective elements, which form convincing arguments, such as: facts, evidence, statistics, authoritative testimony, OR deductive reasoning, etc. Select 2-3 quotations from the target essay showing arguments made by its author. Each quotation should show one of these effective elements being used.

+ Research Paper Topic (RP #3): (Due Wk. 12) Begin background reading for the Research Paper. Create a Persuasive Research Paper on a controversial topic relating to the topic of FOOD. You could PROVE something about the healthiest type of diet for pregnant women or athletes. You could prove something about the production of non-GMO foods in Europe. You could prove something about Fast Food, Organic food, Food Packaging, Famine, the Optimal Diet for Good health, the Food Supply, Wars over Food, Food Allergies, The Global Food Crisis, Food Politics. Etc.  Your process is to start finding sources on topics related to your topic. Focus on using BOOKS and articles from a database. Remember you are PROVING something in this paper. Descriptions or simple information are not all that is wanted. You must present facts, evidence, statistics, authoritative testimony, etc., PROVING that what you say about food or oil is correct. The RP is due wk. 12. Begin background reading for it NOW. Look for 3+ books. You are welcome to use e-books or parts of books as you might find on amazon.com. Use 5+ database articles. The database is found through the HCC library and can be accessed online through the link above wk. 1 on the class page. No internet sources may be used until after you have these first 8 sources. FYI: There are many e-books on food available through the HCC Library.


Jan. 26-Feb. 1

+CA: Begin working to fill in Bodynotes worksheet for CA essay. Select 2-3 related quotations from wk. 1 CA essay for your critical analysis. You are not writing your own opinion here but rather judging the effectiveness of the writing done in the target essay.

+Read & Highlight , Ch. 5, "Writing an Analysis of an Argument" 179 (Pay special attention to “For Environmental Balance” (186) as a sample essay for analysis and “Tracking Kristof” by Betsy Swinton (192) as an example of a Critical Analysis Essay)

+ Skim , Ch. 6 (228), Developing an Argument of Your Own & Ch. 7 (262) Using Sources.

+ Skim , Ch. 9 (349).  Review Logical Fallacies for use in the RP.  Read for class discussion: Shulman’s “Love is a Fallacy” (383).

+ Study the sample Research Paper (319). Focus carefully on the format of the text and the Works Cited.

+ Due Journals #1 & #2 Sunday this week. Directions are found in the link on the class page for each journal.


Feb. 2-8


+ Due CA Bodynotes completed and turned into Rough Draft of Critical Analysis.

+ Take Rough Draft of CA to tutor. Access online tutors through the Tutoring link at the top of the class page. Register for askonline.net. Be sure to send your rough draft and the directions for Bodynotes. You can also use an on campus tutor. If you do, make sure this is your best work and that it is typed.  Save and submit tutor’s notes, the tutor’s name, and the day/time you worked. Submit this document as YourLastNameCATutor (JonesCATutor) in the link on the class page.. Be sure to take or email relevant handouts to tutor.

+ Due RP: Submit The Research Question (Yes/No), Audience (specific age group and gender), Purpose. Your topic must be persuasive, i.e., you are PROVING you are right regarding your topic. Your topic must be approved by me.

+Library: Continue background reading for Research Paper (RP). Collect list of 8 high quality sources.  Read and take notes from sources. See sample notes on class page. Also gather the bibliographic information on each source needed for creating the Works Cited page in MLA format. You must use at least THREE books.  The other sources must be from a library database. To use these databases from your home computer, you will need a library or e-Card barcode. (Do not use the internet as a source except as noted below.) Write a brief annotation (note) under each Works Cited entry indicating what this source is about and how it relates to your RP topic. These are FORMAL papers. They are to be written carefully using high quality sources. Do not under any circumstances use Wikipedia as a source for your RP. However, you might find lists of sources within Wikipedia, which might be helpful. List of sources can also be found in many database articles. The internet does have some useful sites.  Be careful to use them only after you have your 8 major sources (3+ books and 5+ database articles). Do not use .coms as these are commercial. You may use .gov, .edu, or similar websites AFTER your first EIGHT sources as required.

+ Due Journal #3


Feb. 9-15

+ Submit CATutor.

+ Due RP: Submit Annotated Works Cited with 8+ sources correctly set up in MLA format (first draft of Works Cited for RP).  See p. 325 in your text or a sample WC showing the correct format. For information on writing an Annotated Bibliography (Works Cited) see pp. 286-287 in CI / CTRW.

+ RP: ëIMPORTANTëStudy the “Guidelines for a Persuasive RP” handout. Study the sample RP in Lesley Timmerman’s “An Argument for Corporate Responsibility” pp. 319-325.

+ RP: Begin gathering 30-40 notes for the Research Paper.

+ Midterm: Read & Study Machiavelli’s “From The Prince” (477).

+ Midterm: Skim More’s “From Utopia” (463), which will be used as an example for the Midterm Exam in wks. 7-8.

+ Due Journal #4



+ CA Revise according to notes from Tutor.

+ Due CA: completed essay due this Sunday

+RP Skim Ch. 6 “Developing an Argument of Your Own,” and review Ch. 7, “Using Sources,” focusing on how to use MLA format in both parenthetical references and the Works Cited.

Continue studying, re-reading Machiavelli for the Midterm Exam.


+ Due Journal #5


Feb. 23- Mar. 1

Continue studying essay for the Midterm Exam along with Study Guides.

+RP  Study carefully  CI, Ch. 7 “Using Sources.” This will help you learn how to use MLA format.

+ Due RP: Þ40-50 Notes + Revised & Corrected Works Cited for RP as one document. Insert a page break before the WC.

+ Due Journal #6


Mar. 2-8

Due No Late Journals #1-6 accepted after Midterm

  • ØRP: Set up for RP conference with me Weeks 8 (Last Names A-I), 9 (Last Names J-R), or 10 (Last Names S-Z).
  • ØThis conference is a requirement for the RP. æNo conference = NO GRADE!æ

+Prepare for Midterm Exam (Mar. 6-10) by practicing with the Midterm Study Guide.

+ Due RP: Due Preliminary Outline and Working Thesis for RP.  On the class page see RP Guidelines & RP Rules for Outlining. Be sure to follow the Guidelines sheet in creating your outline. This will help make it a Persuasive Paper.


Mar. 9-15

±Mid-term exam Online Mar. 11, Wed. // All Journals 1-6 must be in by the Midterm; NO LATE JOURNALS ACCEPTED.±

+RP Conferences: (Required for those whose surnames begin with A-I. At least one page of the body of the paper (not the Intro) with WC, and Outline REQUIRED by their conference this week. Only Monday is available for In Class conferences; otherwise by phone.

+ Submit RP for conference via Eagle email: Outline, Text, Works Cited. Submit it ASAP before your conference time.

Mar. 16-22

<< Spring Break >>


Mar. 23-29

+ RP Conferences with Instructor. Required for those whose surnames begin with J-R. Submit Outline, Partial Rough draft & WC.



Mar.  30- April 5

+ RP Conferences with Instructor. Required for those whose surnames begin with S-Z. Submit Outline, Partial Rough draft & WC.

No RP Conferences available after Thursday this week.

+ Due Completed Rough Draft of RP, 2000+ words of text. Do not include the Outline or Works Cited in the word count.

+ RP: Take rough draft of RP to Tutor and revise according to comments.

+ Read Ch. 12, CI, A Literary Critic’s View: Arguing about Literature 420.

+ CA #4 Drama:  Read & highlight Antigone, which is posted on the class page and can also be found at http://www.bartleby.com/8/6/antigone.pdf -- in three parts. Work to find significant quotations in the play around one of the elements discussed in the 7 sheets: plot, characterization, setting, symbolism, etc.

11 April 6-12

+ Begin creating Rough Draft of the Critical Analysis of Drama working with one of the 7 sheets and using Bodynotes to help shape the paper.

+ RP Peer Review (Peers must be classmates. There must be evidence that each student in the class has reviewed at least one classmate’s paper using the Peer Review checklist.)

è Due Submit Research Paper by Sunday, Week 12 (Title page, Outline, Text, WC in ONE document. Also submit evidence of work with tutors as a second submission.) ç (Use RP Template for Headers to help you assemble your paper into one document with correctly formatted headers.)

+ CA #4 Drama: Keep reading and analyzing the ideas used in the play. Work with the dictionary as well as in discussions with classmates and your instructor to help you interpret both words and concepts found in this work.


April 13-19

Due RP due:  No paper will be accepted w/o a previous conference with Instructor.  No late papers accepted.

èResearch Paper to be submitted by Sunday this week.

+ Title page, Outline, Text, WC in ONE document (Use RP Template for Headers for correct formatting.)

+Final Exam: Read Sophocles’ Antigone for the Final Exam.  You will discuss one set of arguments found in the play. Background material on the play is available on the class page.


April 20-26

+ CA #4 Drama Due CADramaBodynotes,

+ CA #4 Drama Due Completed 7 sheets. Start turning the Analysis into a finished paper.

+ Final Exam #5: Study the information on “Trifles” found on the class page.

+ Due: Journals #7 &  #8


April 27- May 3

+ CA #4 Drama Due By Sunday, this week, analysis of play.  Submit the following in this order: The text of the paper, its WC, the 7 sheets.

+ Review for Final over “Trifles” by Susan Glaspell.

+ For the Final Exam submit: Final exam essay, Works Cited.

+Due Journal #9


May 4-10


Due Journal #10

âAll Journals 7-10 must be submitted before taking the final. No late journals accepted.â.

Final Exam May 8-12, Fri.-Tues.




Final Essay Exam ² Final Exam May 11, Monday, 9-11AM. ²

Last day to submit any revised papers: Wednesday, this week.


The Writing Assignments

Most of your assignments will be submitted as attachments.  Save these documents with your surname on them:  SmithCAFinal; This tells me that Smith has sent me the final draft of the Critical Analysis essay.  Then when you attach them, they will come to me labeled with your surname.  This is important as it keeps all your documents together in my files, and it helps me to find YOUR paper on my computer.  If your work is not submitted with proper labeling, I will return it to you for resubmission.  Work to make sure this does not happen.

If you are unfamiliar with the computer, take the time to “play” with it until you master the following important skills for writing on a computer: You should be able to create page breaks, headers in the header screen, hanging indents. You should be able to use the computer to double-space your papers as well. If you lack any of these skills, take the time, MAKE the time to acquire them.

15% Critical Analysis of the Essay (out-of-class essay) 500-750 words (10% of Final Grade comes from Prewriting and Tutoring Evidence.)  See Week 1 in class calendar above for the selections for this essay. Criticize it selecting both negative and positive aspects of the target essay for discussion. The analysis and criticism will then be incorporated into a short essay. The final essay, however, is not the entire grade. One third of the grade comes from the pre-writing evidence. It is REQUIRED that you fill in and submit the Bodynotes sheet found on the class page. In addition you are expected to submit a rough draft to either an in-person tutor or askonline.net and then revise the rough draft according to comments received before submitting the final draft to me. This is an unusual type of essay that students are frequently unfamiliar with. In order to prevent many revisions it is advisable that you do the background reading in your text, especially ch. 3. I have created many worksheets to help you get a better understanding of the CA essay. If you disregard all this and go directly to what you think I expect, you may find yourself revising more than you might wish. Study and fill out is Bodynotes;. Follow directions carefully.

  • Submit this Paper to me via the link provided in the class page in wk. 5 as an attachment.
    • Save your paper with your last name followed by the name of the assignment:  YourLastNameCATutor, YourLastNameCAFinal.
    • If you need to submit more than one rough draft, use this form: YourLastNameCARough2, or MartinezRough3, etc.
    • All files should be submitted as either .docx, .doc or .rtf.
  • Keep in mind that your writing does not simply analyze what this essay is about.  It works to show whether and why this essay is convincing to its readers.  You are doing what I do when I grade your papers; you are evaluating the effectiveness of the writer:
    • Did he or she do a good job of convincing his or her selected audience?
    • What makes this essay so effective or ineffective?  As you write you must work not to insert yourself into your paper.
  • Avoid saying “I think” or “I believe” or “In my opinion.”  We know you wrote the paper, so these are your opinions.
  • Also do not use “YOU” in any form in any formal paper written for this class.

Read one: Select an essay from those mentioned in Wk. 1 for your Critical Analysis essay.

  • Highlight and take notes. Discuss elements of this in your journals, where you can also read comments by your classmates.
  • Bodynotes due (Save your submitted attachment as  YourLastNameCABodynotes For example, if you are Debbie Jones, you will save this paper as JonesCABodynote or JonesD-CABodynotes or JonesDebbieCABodynotes but NOT DJonesCABodynotes)
  • Rough Draft due to askonline or in person tutor. Askonline is accessed through the Tutoring link
  • Modify your written essay based on comments received.

10% Midterm Essay Exam (Online)- 500+ words

You will read and study the essay listed in the Course Calendar above. You will write on this essay for the Midterm. The essay you have selected will be analyzed and criticized in preparation for writing. For the exam you will have worked out the meanings in this excerpt. You will be presented with several quotations from your selected essay. You will select ONE of those quotations and write a paragraph of Critical Analysis in the time allotted. Information about the exam is available on the class page.  Careful preparation is essential.

  • Read and re-read your selected essay.  Highlight important information. Discuss elements of this work with classmates.
  • Take Midterm online.  íSubmit a copy of your exam as a Backup.

30% The Research Paper-@ 2000+ words (14% of Final Grade comes from Prewriting and Tutoring Evidence.)  When your instructor uses the word Research Paper, she means all four sections of that paper including the Title page, Outline, Text and Works Cited. See the sample Research Paper on the class page.

ÞConference with Instructor REQUIRED weeks 8-10 ONLY!Þ

One third of the available class time will be spent working with this essay. Students will choose a topic, select a series of sources, create a Works Cited page, take notes, create an outline, and finally write the paper.

  1. This is a Persuasive paper which takes a particular stand on a controversial topic related to . . . (See Wk. 1 for your topics.). Keep in mind that you are writing a PERSUASIVE paper, so your topic must be controversial and debatable, i.e., have two sides.
  2. Work to focus on the Logical aspects of this issue.  Develop it with Facts, Evidence, Statistics, Graphics, and Authoritative Testimony; include a discussion of the practical aspects of this issue.
  3. You will come up with
    1. a Yes/No question,
    2. a specific Audience whom you think will be interested in learning about your topic, and
    3. a Purpose (a reason for writing to this particular audience), and then you will research your topic.
    4. Your studies should prove that one side of this Yes/No, controversial issue is stronger than the other.
    5. Having decided, then, which side of the argument you Fall on (either the yes side or the no side of the fence), you will then write your paper using Facts, Examples, Evidence, Statistics, Graphics, Logical arguments, etc., which you have found in your sources, to prove that your position is the correct one.
    6. In the finished paper you are required to have 8+ sources, which you cite at least once in your paper; at least three of them must be books, the rest must come from a library database.  You will use about 15-20 quotations, paraphrases, and/or summaries from those 8+ sources in the finished paper.
      1. It is BEST to use both books and articles available from the Database link at the top of the class page.  There you can find high quality sources, which have been published in journals, magazines and newspapers, which means that an editor has scrutinized them and accepted them for publication.
      2. It is clear that students much prefer the ease of finding information on the internet; however, much of this information is questionable and not readily accepted in formal college writing.
      3. This paper is written in parts. There is a deadline for each part. The point of this process is to show you how to generate a paper by working on it a little at a time. You will find this is much easier than throwing something together in last minute panic as you might have done before.
      4. Also you are required to conference with your instructor at least one time around Wk. 8-10. We will spend about 30 minutes together going over the Outline, the Works Cited and one or two pages of the Text of your paper. We will be looking at your format (Are you using MLA?), your structure making sure it is Persuasive (Are you following the Guidelines sheet?), as well as your work with borrowed material.
      5. Be aware that format is very important. Study where the periods and the commas go in the Works Cited and parenthetical references. Study to be sure you have the correct format. Also ask me questions if you are unsure how to format such things as headers and outlines.
      6. The RP seems like a very long paper, but it isn’t. Remember that you will be using quotations and paraphrases from a variety of sources.  Each of these borrowings from sources must be introduced indicating source and then interpreted or explained to your reader and then discussed by you. All this material surrounding the quotation will fill out your paper making the writing much easier and quicker. For more information on how to achieve this longer paper by working with quotations, see the handouts called “Creating the Research Paper” and “RP Body Paragraphs.”
      7. Work to create the BODY first.  AFTER you have that, then create the intro and conclusion.

15% Critical Analysis of Drama (out-of-class essay) 750+ words (10% of Final Grade comes from Prewriting and Tutoring Evidence.)

We will be analyzing Sophocles’ Antigone. You will read the play then analyze and criticize it.  To help you in your analysis, you will fill in the 7 sheets, a single handout, which takes you through the story asking for elements of the plot, characterization, setting, symbols, etc. Submit this Paper on the class page as YourLastNameCADramaFinal.

20% Final Exam-Critical Analysis of Fiction (online final essay exam) 500-750+ words

This essay is written online. Students will write a commentary – on “Trifles. This essay is written online.  You have a 2-hour time limit.  íSubmit a backup copy of the exam in the link provided on the class page just in case your exam does not go through.  This is very important as the exam does not always save properly. Timing is important, so submit the backup quickly after completing the Final.

10% 10 Journals (200+ words each): Journals should be written consistently during the semester. Submit them under the appropriate link; you will find the directions for each journal under its link. Do NOT submit attachments; write in the message screen. Journals 1-6 are due before the Midterm and will not be accepted afterward. Journals 7-10 are due before the Final Exam and will not be accepted afterward.

The Library Homepage: You have a link to this page at the top of our class page.

- Research: Although you probably are accustomed to using the internet for research, the quality of available sources is usually poor. A far more acceptable source of articles is the library home page.  Under the rubric, “Databases by Subject,” you will see several listings. // You will also find quality online sources in the Houston Public Library Databases, which can be accessed from their homepage.  There is a link on the HCC Library Homepage. // Whichever of these databases you access, you will find excellent articles which will support your position on your RP topic. IMP: I will not accept online sources except 1. only after you have at least 3 books and 5 database sources, and 2. only those with the suffixes .org, .edu or .gov. In addition you can use the many e-books available through the HCC library.


Some Thoughts about Writing

Formal Papers:

  • All papers in this class (except Journals which are un-graded writing) are considered formal papers; this means that you are not to use the words you, or I (or any of their variants such as your and my.) in your papers.
  • “You” can be replaced quite effectively by using a plural noun such as: people, consumers, householders, researchers, mothers, voters, etc.
  • Instead of using “I” the writer might use a different form of the sentence. For example a sentence like, “I think all teenagers are drug addicts,” could be replaced with a much stronger statement: “All teenagers are drug addicts.”
  • When you say, “I think,” you indicate that you are not sure.  In persuasive writing you must strive to make it at least appear that you are sure. Thus, it is best not to say, “I think,” etc.
  • Learn to strengthen your comments by EXCLUDING mention of yourself.
  • In addition do not use contractions such as can’t. Use the written out form, cannot, instead.
  • Use MLA format in all papers.

Becoming an Excellent Writer:

  • § Be aware that often “sounds right” will not work in your writing. You must learn the rules of grammar and follow them, so that your writing is at the best level possible.
  • § If you are unfamiliar with the rules of grammar, with how to write well, my best suggestion is to become a reader and to observe how good writers write.   Also read that expensive grammar handbook you have.  Follow the rules of grammar.  There are a limited number of rules.  It is quite possible to learn and follow them.
  • § The sort of English we are asking for in your writing is the kind that will be understood by speakers of English in any part of the world; consequently, you must use what is called standard English.
  • § When errors in your writing are pointed out to you, make a strong effort to correct those errors in future.  I put a great deal of time into making comments on student papers.  The purpose of these comments is to help you improve your writing, NOT to put you down.  If you disregard those comments of mine when you revise your papers, then you are likely to get a low grade.
  • § If you keep getting corrected for the same sorts of mistakes, it’s time to learn the rules and change your style.
  • § Learn the rules of grammar: They are simple and few in number.
  • § Work to make this class the one in which you learn the rules so that you reduce the number of errors you consistently make.
  • § Ask lots of questions.  Never be afraid to ask a question.  It’s the smart student who asks questions.  And . . . she gets the answers!  You cannot get the answer to an unasked question.  Right?

Editing your Work:

  • As you begin to write a paper, allow the ideas to flow.  Let the writing happen.  Do not try to control it as you work to get your ideas down on paper.  After you have gotten as many ideas as possible, then you can start to select, organize, and shape those ideas into a good paper.
  • It is not a good idea to edit your writing from the beginning.
  • Begin your writing process by focusing only on getting all your ideas on paper.  From this series of thoughts, select the best, and then begin to organize and develop the paper itself.
  • Work to make these ideas as clear as possible.
  • Grammar and mechanics should be the LAST thing you worry about as you do your final editing and revisions before turning in your work.
  • If you worry too early about grammar, you will find that you get lost in the trees and forget the general direction of the forest you are walking through.
  • If you are foreign speaker, it might even be best to write the first drafts of your paper in your native language.  Once you get the ideas down in your own natural language, then go back and correct what you have written.
  • Careful and detailed editing is the hallmark of good writing.
  • With time you will get better and better at this so that there is less and less to correct.
  • But no matter how good you get, it will rarely be possible to put something out which is well written without editing.
  • The best writers spend as much time editing the final draft as they did creating it.

Creating Papers:

  • Although previously you may have been taught to start with the introduction, I would suggest that instead you begin with the Body of your paper and then write the introduction afterward.
  • Usually you will begin with the ideas for each body paragraph.
  • Next you will develop each body paragraph.
  • After that you will decide on a Topic Sentence for that paragraph which indicates exactly what is discussed in it. 
    • Think about the Topic for that paragraph and the sequence of the sentences in it.
    • Is this the clearest sequence for your reader?
    • Work to make the paragraph flow clearly from the first idea to the last in a logical sequence that will be easy to understand.
    • Remember your reader will not be able to ask you questions.
    • Once you have the body pretty much in order, your next step is the Introduction. 
      • Here you tell your reader what is coming in the paper.
      • You will frequently summarize the work you are analyzing.
      • You will give your thesis, that is the essence of what you will be saying in the paper.
      • The thesis should work well if you were asked for a one-sentence summary of your paper.
    • Finally you create the conclusion.
      • Review what was said in your paper.
      • Draw a conclusion from the ideas you have stated.
        • You have worked to make a case.
        • Now tell your reader what she should have understood from what you said.



Prof. L. Arzola
Prof. L. Arzola